Package csv

import "encoding/csv"

概览 ▾

Package csv reads and writes comma-separated values (CSV) files.

A csv file contains zero or more records of one or more fields per record. Each record is separated by the newline character. The final record may optionally be followed by a newline character.


White space is considered part of a field.

Carriage returns before newline characters are silently removed.

Blank lines are ignored. A line with only whitespace characters (excluding the ending newline character) is not considered a blank line.

Fields which start and stop with the quote character " are called quoted-fields. The beginning and ending quote are not part of the field.

The source:

normal string,"quoted-field"

results in the fields

{`normal string`, `quoted-field`}

Within a quoted-field a quote character followed by a second quote character is considered a single quote.

"the ""word"" is true","a ""quoted-field"""

results in

{`the "word" is true`, `a "quoted-field"`}

Newlines and commas may be included in a quoted-field

field","comma is ,"

results in

field`, `comma is ,`}


var (
    ErrTrailingComma = errors.New("extra delimiter at end of line") // no longer used
    ErrBareQuote     = errors.New("bare \" in non-quoted-field")
    ErrQuote         = errors.New("extraneous \" in field")
    ErrFieldCount    = errors.New("wrong number of fields in line")

These are the errors that can be returned in ParseError.Error

type ParseError

type ParseError struct {
    Line   int   // Line where the error occurred
    Column int   // Column (rune index) where the error occurred
    Err    error // The actual error

A ParseError is returned for parsing errors. The first line is 1. The first column is 0.

func (*ParseError) Error

func (e *ParseError) Error() string

type Reader

type Reader struct {
    Comma            rune // field delimiter (set to ',' by NewReader)
    Comment          rune // comment character for start of line
    FieldsPerRecord  int  // number of expected fields per record
    LazyQuotes       bool // allow lazy quotes
    TrailingComma    bool // ignored; here for backwards compatibility
    TrimLeadingSpace bool // trim leading space
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

A Reader reads records from a CSV-encoded file.

As returned by NewReader, a Reader expects input conforming to RFC 4180. The exported fields can be changed to customize the details before the first call to Read or ReadAll.

Comma is the field delimiter. It defaults to ','.

Comment, if not 0, is the comment character. Lines beginning with the Comment character are ignored.

If FieldsPerRecord is positive, Read requires each record to have the given number of fields. If FieldsPerRecord is 0, Read sets it to the number of fields in the first record, so that future records must have the same field count. If FieldsPerRecord is negative, no check is made and records may have a variable number of fields.

If LazyQuotes is true, a quote may appear in an unquoted field and a non-doubled quote may appear in a quoted field.

If TrimLeadingSpace is true, leading white space in a field is ignored.

func NewReader

func NewReader(r io.Reader) *Reader

NewReader returns a new Reader that reads from r.

func (*Reader) Read

func (r *Reader) Read() (record []string, err error)

Read reads one record from r. The record is a slice of strings with each string representing one field.

func (*Reader) ReadAll

func (r *Reader) ReadAll() (records [][]string, err error)

ReadAll reads all the remaining records from r. Each record is a slice of fields. A successful call returns err == nil, not err == EOF. Because ReadAll is defined to read until EOF, it does not treat end of file as an error to be reported.

type Writer

type Writer struct {
    Comma   rune // Field delimiter (set to ',' by NewWriter)
    UseCRLF bool // True to use \r\n as the line terminator
    // contains filtered or unexported fields

A Writer writes records to a CSV encoded file.

As returned by NewWriter, a Writer writes records terminated by a newline and uses ',' as the field delimiter. The exported fields can be changed to customize the details before the first call to Write or WriteAll.

Comma is the field delimiter.

If UseCRLF is true, the Writer ends each record with \r\n instead of \n.

func NewWriter

func NewWriter(w io.Writer) *Writer

NewWriter returns a new Writer that writes to w.

func (*Writer) Error

func (w *Writer) Error() error

Error reports any error that has occurred during a previous Write or Flush.

func (*Writer) Flush

func (w *Writer) Flush()

Flush writes any buffered data to the underlying io.Writer. To check if an error occurred during the Flush, call Error.

func (*Writer) Write

func (w *Writer) Write(record []string) (err error)

Writer writes a single CSV record to w along with any necessary quoting. A record is a slice of strings with each string being one field.

func (*Writer) WriteAll

func (w *Writer) WriteAll(records [][]string) (err error)

WriteAll writes multiple CSV records to w using Write and then calls Flush.