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Package log

import "log"
概览
索引
示例
子目录

概览 ▾

Package log implements a simple logging package. It defines a type, Logger, with methods for formatting output. It also has a predefined 'standard' Logger accessible through helper functions Print[f|ln], Fatal[f|ln], and Panic[f|ln], which are easier to use than creating a Logger manually. That logger writes to standard error and prints the date and time of each logged message. The Fatal functions call os.Exit(1) after writing the log message. The Panic functions call panic after writing the log message.

常量

const (
    // Bits or'ed together to control what's printed.
    // There is no control over the order they appear (the order listed
    // here) or the format they present (as described in the comments).
    // The prefix is followed by a colon only when Llongfile or Lshortfile
    // is specified.
    // For example, flags Ldate | Ltime (or LstdFlags) produce,
    //	2009/01/23 01:23:23 message
    // while flags Ldate | Ltime | Lmicroseconds | Llongfile produce,
    //	2009/01/23 01:23:23.123123 /a/b/c/d.go:23: message
    Ldate         = 1 << iota     // the date in the local time zone: 2009/01/23
    Ltime                         // the time in the local time zone: 01:23:23
    Lmicroseconds                 // microsecond resolution: 01:23:23.123123.  assumes Ltime.
    Llongfile                     // full file name and line number: /a/b/c/d.go:23
    Lshortfile                    // final file name element and line number: d.go:23. overrides Llongfile
    LUTC                          // if Ldate or Ltime is set, use UTC rather than the local time zone
    LstdFlags     = Ldate | Ltime // initial values for the standard logger
)

These flags define which text to prefix to each log entry generated by the Logger.

func Fatal

func Fatal(v ...interface{})

Fatal is equivalent to Print() followed by a call to os.Exit(1).

func Fatalf

func Fatalf(format string, v ...interface{})

Fatalf is equivalent to Printf() followed by a call to os.Exit(1).

func Fatalln

func Fatalln(v ...interface{})

Fatalln is equivalent to Println() followed by a call to os.Exit(1).

func Flags

func Flags() int

Flags returns the output flags for the standard logger.

func Output

func Output(calldepth int, s string) error

Output writes the output for a logging event. The string s contains the text to print after the prefix specified by the flags of the Logger. A newline is appended if the last character of s is not already a newline. Calldepth is the count of the number of frames to skip when computing the file name and line number if Llongfile or Lshortfile is set; a value of 1 will print the details for the caller of Output.

func Panic

func Panic(v ...interface{})

Panic is equivalent to Print() followed by a call to panic().

func Panicf

func Panicf(format string, v ...interface{})

Panicf is equivalent to Printf() followed by a call to panic().

func Panicln

func Panicln(v ...interface{})

Panicln is equivalent to Println() followed by a call to panic().

func Prefix

func Prefix() string

Prefix returns the output prefix for the standard logger.

func Print

func Print(v ...interface{})

Print calls Output to print to the standard logger. Arguments are handled in the manner of fmt.Print.

func Printf

func Printf(format string, v ...interface{})

Printf calls Output to print to the standard logger. Arguments are handled in the manner of fmt.Printf.

func Println

func Println(v ...interface{})

Println calls Output to print to the standard logger. Arguments are handled in the manner of fmt.Println.

func SetFlags

func SetFlags(flag int)

SetFlags sets the output flags for the standard logger.

func SetOutput

func SetOutput(w io.Writer)

SetOutput sets the output destination for the standard logger.

func SetPrefix

func SetPrefix(prefix string)

SetPrefix sets the output prefix for the standard logger.

type Logger

type Logger struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Logger represents an active logging object that generates lines of output to an io.Writer. Each logging operation makes a single call to the Writer's Write method. A Logger can be used simultaneously from multiple goroutines; it guarantees to serialize access to the Writer.

示例

代码:

var buf bytes.Buffer
logger := log.New(&buf, "logger: ", log.Lshortfile)
logger.Print("Hello, log file!")

fmt.Print(&buf)

输出:

logger: example_test.go:16: Hello, log file!

func New

func New(out io.Writer, prefix string, flag int) *Logger

New creates a new Logger. The out variable sets the destination to which log data will be written. The prefix appears at the beginning of each generated log line. The flag argument defines the logging properties.

func (*Logger) Fatal

func (l *Logger) Fatal(v ...interface{})

Fatal is equivalent to l.Print() followed by a call to os.Exit(1).

func (*Logger) Fatalf

func (l *Logger) Fatalf(format string, v ...interface{})

Fatalf is equivalent to l.Printf() followed by a call to os.Exit(1).

func (*Logger) Fatalln

func (l *Logger) Fatalln(v ...interface{})

Fatalln is equivalent to l.Println() followed by a call to os.Exit(1).

func (*Logger) Flags

func (l *Logger) Flags() int

Flags returns the output flags for the logger.

func (*Logger) Output

func (l *Logger) Output(calldepth int, s string) error

Output writes the output for a logging event. The string s contains the text to print after the prefix specified by the flags of the Logger. A newline is appended if the last character of s is not already a newline. Calldepth is used to recover the PC and is provided for generality, although at the moment on all pre-defined paths it will be 2.

func (*Logger) Panic

func (l *Logger) Panic(v ...interface{})

Panic is equivalent to l.Print() followed by a call to panic().

func (*Logger) Panicf

func (l *Logger) Panicf(format string, v ...interface{})

Panicf is equivalent to l.Printf() followed by a call to panic().

func (*Logger) Panicln

func (l *Logger) Panicln(v ...interface{})

Panicln is equivalent to l.Println() followed by a call to panic().

func (*Logger) Prefix

func (l *Logger) Prefix() string

Prefix returns the output prefix for the logger.

func (*Logger) Print

func (l *Logger) Print(v ...interface{})

Print calls l.Output to print to the logger. Arguments are handled in the manner of fmt.Print.

func (*Logger) Printf

func (l *Logger) Printf(format string, v ...interface{})

Printf calls l.Output to print to the logger. Arguments are handled in the manner of fmt.Printf.

func (*Logger) Println

func (l *Logger) Println(v ...interface{})

Println calls l.Output to print to the logger. Arguments are handled in the manner of fmt.Println.

func (*Logger) SetFlags

func (l *Logger) SetFlags(flag int)

SetFlags sets the output flags for the logger.

func (*Logger) SetOutput

func (l *Logger) SetOutput(w io.Writer)

SetOutput sets the output destination for the logger.

func (*Logger) SetPrefix

func (l *Logger) SetPrefix(prefix string)

SetPrefix sets the output prefix for the logger.

子目录

名称      摘要
..
syslog      Package syslog provides a simple interface to the system log service.